The Traffic (Driving Schools, Driving Instructors and Driving Licenses) Rules, 2018

These Rules apply to driving schools, driving instructors and to Application the issuance of driving licenses in Kenya.

  1. Driving Schools

The rules provide that a person should not set up or maintain a driving school if he/she is not a holder of a valid school license. The application for a school license should be made to the National Transport and Safety Authority in the form set out in the rules.

The rules further prescribe that a school license should be valid for two years from the date of Validity of issue.

NTSA has been given the power to either consider or reject the application. In considering an application for a school license for a new or existing driving school, an inspector should inspect the premises referred to in the application , as the intended location of the proposed school, to ascertain whether the premises are suitable and adequately equipped for the purposes of the proposed school.

A driving school is expected to have a school manager whose role should be to:

  1. Ensure the preparation of all teaching materials according to the curriculum;
  2. Oversee the preparation and conduct of all internal examinations; and
  3. Perform all record keeping and reporting obligations of the school.

In addition to this , a driving school is expected to maintain a minimum of two instructors.

A driving school is expected to , by the thirty-first of January of every year, submit to the Authority, either in electronic or hard copy form, an annual report for the immediately preceding calendar year in a format that the Authority shall prescribe. Further to this , A driving school should immediately notify the Authority in writing of any vehicular accident involving it’s vehicles used in the training of pupils, resulting in a fatality.

  1. Driving Instructors

The rules provide that a person should not, for gain or reward, teach the theory or driving practice of driving a motor vehicle unless they have a valid instructor’s license issued by the Authority:

A person may apply for an instructor’s license if that person meets the minimum conditions for the relevant class of vehicles. An application for an instructor’s license should be made to the Authority and should be accompanied by documents as provided by the Rules.

The rules state that an instructor’s license should be valid for a period of two years from the date of issue. The Authority is expected to determine the minimum number of continuous development courses and approve the nature, content and duration of refresher courses to be attended by a driving instructor.

A driving inspector is expected to always carry their instructor’s license at all times when instructing a pupil and should produce it for inspection when requested by an authorized officer of the Authority or a police officer.

NTSA has been vested the authority to suspend, revoke, refuse to issue or Suspension, revocation or renew an instructor s license or vary the terms and conditions of an variation of an instructor’s license as provided by the rules.

  1. Driving Instructions

The NTSA should develop the curriculum for training and testing of drivers and driving instructors and all driving instruction should be in accordance with the approved curriculum.

The rules provide that a person should not use a motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or invalid carriage, .as a driving school vehicle unless the motor vehicle-

  • is equipped with –
  1. a minimum dual control facility of brake and clutch for manual transmission or dual brake facility for automatic transmission;
  2. two reflecting mirrors so constructed and fitted as to enable both the pupil and the driving instructor, at all times, to be or become, aware of the presence (to the rear) of any other vehicle or object;
  • flashing directions indicators in full operating condition;
  1. three-point safety belts in four places, two at the front and two at the rear;
  2. head restraints in four places, two at the front and two at
  3. the rear; and
  • a fire extinguisher of at least one kilogram in weight and a first aid kit;
  • exhibits the name and address of the driving school; and
  • is marked in such a manner as to be clearly visible by a person at the front and at the rear of the vehicle with the words- “CAUTION-DRIVER UNDER INSTRUCTION”.

A proprietor or school manager or a person in charge of a Unauthorized driving school should not permit an unlicensed driving instructor to give instruction to a pupil on the class of vehicles concerned. A proprietor, manager or person in charge of the school who contravenes this commits an offense.

  1. Driving License and driving examinations exemptions

A driving license in categories A, B, F and G, that is Validity of license issued to a driver who is under the age of seventy years, should be renewed after every three years over a nine-year period from the date of first issue and upon payment of the fees set out in the rules.Provided that, the tenth year, the license holder should repeat the driving examination and submit a duly filled medical examination report in the form set out in the Fifth Schedule.

A driving license in categories A, B, F and G, that is issued to a driver who is at least seventy years of age, should be renewed annually and the license holder should submit a duly filled medical examination report in the form set out in the Fifth Schedule.

A driving license in categories C, D and E, that is issued to a driver, should be renewed after every three years and should be subject to the following conditions –

  1. that the driver repeats the driving examination after every three years; and
  2. that the driver has attended the required number of annual continuous development courses as determined by the Authority.

The rules provide that a driving school should apply for a driving examination on behalf of a pupil after conducting an internal driving examination and the pupil is successful in the examination and in the form provided by the rules. Further to this, a driver can also apply for an examination as provided by the rules.

NTSA is expected to conduct a driving examination that should at least consist of a practical driving examination conducted over a minimum distance of five kilometers and a theoretical driving examination which should examine the driver’s knowledge of the Highway Code and traffic signs.

A driver test examiner is expected to keep and maintain a driving examination register containing: name and address of each applicant for a driving test; the serial number of the test application form; the date on which such test was given; the result of such test; and if the applicant was issued with a certificate of competence, the number of the certificate and class of vehicles to which it related.

Lastly the rules states that a person who passes a driving test to drive a motor vehicle of a particular class should not be considered to have passed a driving test to drive a motor vehicle of any other class unless that person has passed a test to drive a motor vehicle of that other class.

License Category Vehicle in License Category Description of the vehicle to operate and restrictions Minimum Requirements
CATEGORY A CATEGORY A1(Mopped) Enables one to ride a motorcycle to and including 50cc.

No passengers allowed to be carried

Minimum age 16 years

 

No passenger

CATEGORY A2(Light motor cycle) Enables one to ride a motorcycle above 50 C.C

Carry a maximum load 60 Kg ( for up to 400 C.C )

Can carry a passenger

 

Minimum age 18 years
CATEGORY A3

Motorcycle taxi,couriers and three wheeler

Enables one to ride a motorcycle 100cc and above.Carry a maximum load 100kg(for upto 50cc)Can carry a passenger Minimum age 21

1 year riding experience 0f Category A2

CATEGORY B

 

 

Category B1 ( motorcycle taxi , couriers and three wheeler ) Enable one to drive a light vehicle ( passenger car) with a maximum Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) of 3500 kg with one light trailer ( not exceeding 750 kg)

Can drive a vehicle equipped with both a manual or automatic gearbox

 

Minimum age 18 years
 

Category B2Automatic(Light Vehicle Automatic

 Can carry up to a maximum of 7 passengers

Enable one to drive a light vehicle ( passenger car ) with automatic gear box with a maximum Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) of m 3500 kg with one light trailer ( not exceeding 750 kg)

Cannot drive a vehicle equipped with a manual gearbox

Can carry up to a maximum of 7 passengers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum age 18years

Category B3 ( professional ) Enable one to drive a light vehicle ( passenger car ) with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) of maximum 3500 kg with one light trailer ( not exceeding 750 kg)

Equipped with manual or automatic gear box

Can carry up to a maximum of 7 passengers

 

Minimum age 21 years
CATEGORY  C  

 

 

Category C1(Light Truck

Enables one to drive a light truck with a Gross Vehicle Weight ( GVW) exceeding 3500 kg and a maximum 7500 kg with maximum one light trailer not exceeding 750 kg

Equipped with manual or automatic gear box

 

Minimum age 22 years
Category C (Medium Truck) Enables one to drive a heavy truck with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) exceeding 7500 kg with maximum one light trailer not exceeding 750 kg.

Equipped with manual or automatic gear box.

 

Minimum age 24 years.

Two year experience of driving category C1.

Required to undergo training and retesting for category C.

 

Category CE ( Heavy Truck with trailer ) Enables one to drive a heavy truck with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) exceeding 7500 kg with heavy trailer or semi-trailer.

Enables one to drive articulated vehicles.

Equipped with manual or automatic gear box

 

Minimum age 28 years.

Four years’ experience of driving category C

Required to undergo training and retesting for category CE

 

CATEGORY CE Category CE ( Heavy Goods Vehicle for Transportation of Hazardous materials ) Enables one to drive a heavy truck with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) exceeding 7500 kg with heavy trailer or semitrailer.

Enables one to drive articulated vehicles.

Equipped with manual or automatic gear box

 

Minimum age 30 years

Two years’ experience of driving category CE

Required to undergo training and retesting for category CD

 

CATEGORY D Category D1 ( Van) Enable one to drive a van with a maximum of 14 passengers.

Equipped with manual or automatic gearbox

 

Minimum of 22 years
Category D2 ( mini Bus) Enables one to drive a bus with 14 to 32 passengers.

Equipped with manual or automatic gear box

 

Minimum age 25 years

Minimum experience of 3 years driving category D1

Required to undergo training and retesting for category D2

 

Category D3 Enables one to drive a bus with 33 or more passengers

Equipped with manual or automatic gear box

 

Minimum age of 30 years

Minimum experience of 3 years driving category D2

Required to undergo training and retesting for category D3

 

CATEGORY E Special professional driving license Enables one to drive any vehicles classified under categories Cl, C, CE, D, Dl, D2, D3 and licensed as ECI, EC, ECE, ED, EDI, ED2 and ECD3 respectively

Class ED2 Licenses shall be endorsed for classes Dl & D while Class ECE License shall be endorsed for C and C 1

 

Minimum age 21years

Completed 3 months driving practice with. any vehicle classified under categories Cl,

C, CE, D, Dl, D2, D3 and licensed as ECI, EC, ECE, ED, ED1, ED2 AND ECD 3 respectively.

Class ED2 Licenses shall be endorsed for class D1 and D while Class ECE Licenses shall be endorsed for C and C1

 

CATEGORY F Special Driving License for Persons with Disability Enables one to drive a vehicle depending on the category the PWD is trained on. Minimum age of 18 years

Requirement is as per the class the categories of abled drivers

 

CATEGORY G Industrial construction and agricultural plants equipment Enables one to operate forklift, motor grader, shovel, excavator, roller and any other special kinds of plant and equipment for which special authorization is required from the authority as defined in the Traffic Act before such plants can be registered for use. Endorsement for class G will be done on the driving license.